TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

1.         Design of Canal Cross Section in Alluvial Soils

 

2.         Design criteria for design of earthen section & masonry works of drains

 

3.         canal Head Regulators

 

4.         Cross regulation structures for control of water surface elevation

 

5.         Flow Regulation and Measurement System at the Minor head

 

6.         Bridges

 

7.         Clubbing of Direct Outlet

 

8.         Pipe Semi Module Outlet

 

9.         Metalled Road on Canal service Bank

 

10.   Gates, hoisting arrangements & operating platform

 

11.   Canal Lining – Haidergarh and Jaunpur Branches

 

12.   canal Flow Measurement, SCADA and Telemetry Systems

 


PREFACE

 

 

Up Irrigation Department has a very long and illustrious history of design and construction of complex irrigation, power and multi-purpose projects. The technology has evolved during last about more than 150 years as advances were made in various fields of design and construction. Documentation of drawings in some old projects is available but no comprehensive design standard has probably been prepared for the design of various complex structural features. Codes of practices issued by the Bureau of Indian Standard or any other relevant standards that are available, are generally used for design of irrigation structures. Extensive referencing to various text and reference books and recourse to physical model studies have also been in practice. The designs invariably have been sufficient and stood test of time but the operation and management aspects of the projects has suffered reducing the performance efficiency both in terms of water delivery and utilization of created potentials.  

 

With a view to strengthen the existing infrastructural facilities in the development of water sector and to meet the challenges of demands, rights and equity for overall growth of state, the Government of Uttar Pradesh have adopted a “State Water Policy” in May 1999. The broad objectives of the State Water Policy are:

 

(a)        Ensure preservation of the scarce water resources and to optimize the utilization of the available resources;

(b)        Bring about qualitative improvement in water resource management, which should include user’s participation and decentralization of authority;

(c)        Maintain water quality, both surface and underground, to established norms and standards;

(d)        Promote formulation of projects as far as and wherever possible on the concept of basin or sub-basin, treating both surface and the ground water as a unitary resource, ensuring multipurpose use of the water resource;

(e)        Ensure ecological and environmental balance while developing water resources;

(f)          Promote equity and social justice among individuals and groups of users in water resource allocation and management;

(g)        Ensure self-sustainability in water resource development;

(h)        Ensure Flood Management and drainage as integral part of water resource development;

(i)         Provide a substantive legal framework for management;

(j)          Provide a Management Information System (M.I.S.) for effective monitoring of policy implementation;

(k)        Promote research and training facilities in the water resource sector;

(l)           Provide mechanism for the resolution of conflicts between various users.

 

 

In order to realize the above objectives, the Government of Uttar Pradesh has   received a credit from International Development Association equivalent to US$150 million towards the cost of Uttar Pradesh Water Sector Restructuring Project. The project envisages reforms in management of State Water Resources in general and irrigation, drainage and ground water systems in particular. The UPWSRP has following broad objectives.

 

(i)         To set up an enabling institutional and policy framework for Water Sector reform in the State for integrated water resources management; and ;

(ii)      To initiate irrigation and drainage sub-sector reforms in the state to increase and sustain water and agricultural productivity.

 

The Uttar Pradesh Water Sector Restructuring Project is being implemented by the UPID and the proposed investment would contribute to:

 

(i)         The establishment and operationalization of Apex Water Resources Institutions critical for holistic planning and allocation of water resources following a river  basin / sub-basin approach;

(ii)      The establishment and operationalization of State Water Tariff Regulatory Commission to rationalize tariff setting;

(iii)   Institutional reforms and business process re-engineering in irrigation sector;

(iv)     The piloting of replicable options for basin planning and integrated water resources development and management;

(v)        The rehabilitation and modernization of irrigation systems covering about    3,00,000 ha and of associated drainage networks in two selected sub-basins and the piloting of replicable management options for sustained irrigation and drainage operations;

(vi)     Feasibility studies and preparation of activities for the next phase of the program;

(vii)  The coordination of project activities.

 

For the rehabilitation and moderninzation of the irrigation system and associated drainage network, the Haidergarh branch sub basin (from km. 0.0 to km. 23.0) and Jaunpur branch sub basin of the Sarda Sahayak Project have been selected as project area. A contract agreement for hiring consultancy services for redesign of irrigation and drainage system and other associated modernization features including development of modern agriculture plan and sustainable ground water development for conjunctive use, was entered into between Chairman, PACT UPWSRP, Uttar Pradesh, India and TAHAL Consulting Engineers Ltd., Israel vide contract agreement no. 26 / PACT / UPWSRP / Redesign of Irrigation System / Consultancy / TAHAL / 04-05 dated 13.8.04. During the course of redesign whereas the existing codes of practices and other relevant references were used to finalize sustainable designs, some elements of modernization as could be applied to the existing system were also analyzed and detailed with special reference to project area systems. The criteria as generally used during the redesign process and details regarding other special features have been finalized and are submitted for general guidance for design / redesign of irrigation and drainage systems.

 

Bureau of Indian Standard and India Road Congress have issued various criteria for design, code of practices and guidelines for the hydraulic as well as structural design of the canal cross section and related canal structures. The IS and IRC codes have generally been referred to in as far as they are applicable, other relevant standards and literature on specific subjects have also been extensively referred in preparing the details.

 

The design standards as specifically applied to the project area canal and drainage systems for their rehabilitation and modernization have been compiled in following sections.

 

1.            Design of Canal Cross Section in Alluvial Soils

2.            Design criteria for design of earthen section & masonry works of drains

3.            canal Head Regulators

4.            Cross regulation structures for control of water surface elevation

5.            Flow Regulation and Measurement System at the Minor head

6.            Bridges

7.            Clubbing of Direct Outlet

8.            Pipe Semi Module Outlet

9.            Metalled Road on Canal service Bank

10.       Gates, hoisting arrangements & operating platform

11.       Canal Lining – Haidergarh and Jaunpur Branches

12.       canal Flow Measurement, SCADA and Telemetry Systems