Irrigation by Canals

Irrigation through Canals (Main Canal System)

Major Irrigation Projects of British Era

A – Eastern Yamuna Canal:

Eastern Yamuna Canal, originates from left bank of Yamuna river from Tajevala. Through this canal system Hindon Yamuna Doab irrigation facility is provided to Saharanpur, Muzzafarnagar, Meerut and Ghaziabad districts. After revival these canals get operated in 1830 for the first time, at that time envisaged discharge was 800 cusec. In meanwhile this was increased to 4000 cusec.

Following are the main features of this canal system:

1

Current Water Flow capacity

4000 Cusec

2

Length of main canal

197 K.M.

3

Length of Rajvaha and Alpika

11380 K.M.

4

Agricultural area

2.21 Lac Hectare

5

 

 

 

 

Proposed Cultivation

(i) Khareef

52 per cent

(ii) Rabi

38.5 per cent

Total :

90.5 per cent

Scarcity of water in this canal system is being noticed in July and by the starting of October, supply of water in this canal get nil. To overcome this problem Hathinikund Barrage has been constructed at 3 K.M. above from Tajewala.

B- Upper Ganga Canal:

Construction of Upper Ganga Canal was done 1842. Father of the project is Colonel Sir P.T. Kaatle. For the first time water supplied to this canal was in 1854. This canal originates from right bank of Ganga river from Bheemgauda in Haridwar. In the starting, water was supplied to this canal by constructing a temporary dam and the dam get destructed at the starting of year and that’s why only Rabi crops get cultivated by this canal.

During 1917-1922 Bheem Gauda Weir was constructed at downstream of temporary dam construction site. After its construction this, water get supplied to Khareef crops of upper ganga canal system. Operation of gates of weir is very much complicated and dangerous and along with this, silt also keep on accumulating on upstream of weir due to which surface level of river also get increased upwards. To overcome these problems Bheem Gauda barrage was constructed during 1978-1984. Through this canal system, Irrigation facility is provided to Haridwar, Saharanpur, Muzzafarnagar, Meerut, Ghaziabad, Bulandshahr, Aligarh, Etah, Mathura, Firozabad, Mainpuri and Agra districts.

Following three major branches originates from Upper Ganga Canal:

  • Devband Branch
  • Anupshahar Branch
  • Maath Branch

At the beginning, this canal system was also used for nine vehicles, which now had stopped. Except irrigation, 200 cusec water was supplied to Delhi as drinking water and 100 cusec to Harduwaganj for Thermal power plant. Water Electricity is also produced from falls created at Main Ganga Canal.

Following are the main features of this canal system:

1

Length of Main Upper Ganga

298 K.M.

2

Total length of canal system

6496 K.M.

3

Culturable command area

8.85 Lac Hectare

4

Envisaged discharge on head of canal

10500 Cusec (297.5 Cusec)

5

 

 

 

 

Proposed cultivation

(i) Khareef 

47.0%

(ii) Rabi

43.9%

Total :

90.9%

Following constructions from 6 K.M. to 36 K.M. on Ganga Canal is an excellent example of Engineering:-

(1) Ranipur Super Passage (2) Pathri Super Passage (3) Dhanauri Levelcrossing Water source (4) Solani Water Bridge

Upper Ganga Canal is one of the most successful projects till now.

C- Agra Canal System:

To provide secured Irrigation in Faridabad and Gurgaon districts of Haryana, in Mathura and Agra districts of Uttar Pradesh and in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan a weir has been built on Yamuna river near Okhla (Delhi). Agra Canal System had been built from its right side in year 1878. Revival of Agra canal was done during 1955-57 and its head niscair was made to 3237 cusec, but due to incompletion of work in approx. 19 K.M. unit in the starting of Agra canal this canal could not be able to take more than 2100 cusec water.

Under these situation plan was made to modernize the Agra Canal so that it could be able to repatriate to take 4000 cusec of water from Okhla barrage.

Main features of this canal system are as following:-

1

Length of Agra Main Canal

160 K.M.

2

Length of Fatehpursikri Water Branch originating from this

93 K.M.

3

Total length of canals of this system

1874 K.M.

4

Cultivable command area

3.27 Lac Hectare

5

Envisaged discharge of head of Agra canal

4000 Cusec

6

Current Water Flow capacity of Agra canal

2100 Cusec

7

Proposed Cultivation

50 Percent

 8

 

 

 

Proposed Kharif after modernization

(i) Kharif

30 Percent

(ii) Rabi

40 Percent

Total :

70 Percent

D- Lower Ganga Canal:

In the lower portion of Ganga Yamuna Doab irrigation facility is being provided by beaver of Upper Ganga Canal System and Kanpur Water Branch. Alongwith development of agriculture, scarcity of water occurred in lower portion of Upper Ganga Canal System, so to solve the problem of scarcity of water, a weir has been constructed which in later on changed to barrage. Designing of Lower Ganga Canal from right bank of Ganga River was done in 1869. Approval to this project was given on 9th November 1871 by Government of India. Construction of this project was completed and for the first time in 1878 Lower Ganga Canal was started.

Main branches of this canal are as following:-

  • Farrukhabad Water Branch
  • Beaver Water Branch
  • Kanpur Water Branch
  • Etawah Water Branch
  • Bhognipur Water Branch

To provide irrigation facility in Fatehpur and Allahabad districts in Uttar Pradesh, Kanpur Water branch and Fatehpur Water Branch were constructed in 1898. Beside above, from the ending point of Etawah Water Branch Ghatampur Rajvaha was created to improvise irrigation facility of Fatehpur district.

In meanwhile after construction of Ramganga Dam in 1974, water supply in Lower Ganga Canal System was increased, after which parallel lower ganga canal was constructed and extra water was made available for the cultivation of Khairf and western Allahabad Water branch was constructed in 1974 to provide irrigation facility in other areas of Kanpur and Allahabad districts. With this canal system irrigation facility is provided to Aligarh, Etah, Firozabad, Mainpuri, Farrukhabad, Etawah, Kanpur Dehat, Kanpur Nagar, Fatehpur and Allahabad districts.

Other main features of this canal system are as following:-

1

Cultivable command area

11.64 lac hectare

2

Proposed Kharif Area

41.5 percent

3

Proposed Rabi irrigation

36.0 percent

4

Length of Lower Ganga Canal

98.8 K.M.

5

Length of parallel Lower Ganga Canal

89 K.M.

6

Envisaged discharge of Lower Ganga Canal

8500 Cusec

7

Envisaged discharge on the head of parallel Lower Ganga

4200 Cusec

8

Total length of system

8278 K.M.

E- Sharda Canal System

To provide secured irrigation facility in Nainital, Peelibhit, Bareily, Lakhimpur Kheiri, Shahjahanpur, Hardoi, Unnao, Lucknow, Barabanki, Raebareli, Pratapgarh, Sultanpur, Jaunpur, Azamgarh, Ghazipur and Allahabad districts located in Sharda/Ghaghra doab of Uttar Pradesh, a barrage has been constructed on Sharda river near Banbasa in Khatima Tehsil of Nainital, from where Sharda Main Canal has been originated (from right side of barrage). Construction for this project was started in 1918 and in 1928 project get completed and water supply to certain areas get started. Under an International agreement a regulator has been constructed on the left side of Banbasa barrage, which is known as Nepal Regulator. This regulator supplies 180 cusec water to Rabi and 250 cusec water to Kharif in Nepal./p>

Total length of Sharda main canal is 44.3 K.M. and envisaged discharge at the head is 11500 cusec. From 26.5 K.M. right bank Bilaspur branch originates and from 38.5 K.M. right Nigoha Water Branch originates of main canal. Envisaged discharge of these water canals is 350 and 500 cusec respectively. From tale Sharda canal, Hardoi water branch and Kheiri Water Branches get divided. Envisaged discharge of Hardoi Water Branch is 5400 cusec and this nurtures the area located in Ganga Gomti Doab. Envisaged discharge of Kheiri Water Branch 2800 cusec, from this land of Gomti Ghagra Doab get cultivated.

Main features of this system are as below:-

1

Length of main canal

44.3 K.M.

2

Length of Water Branches

1634 K.M.

3

Length of Rajvaha and Alpika

8283 K.M.

4

Total

9961.3 K.M.

5

Cultivable command area

16.12 Lac

6

Proposed Cultivable Khareef

25%

7

Proposed Cultivable Rabi

24%

It is known that before Sharda Sahayak project total cultivable area of this canal system was 25.4 lac hectare and proposed cultivation of Kharif and Rabi was 15.3% and 17.4% respectively. After Independence, efficient development took place in the field of Agriculture and use of productive seeds and fertilizers also done sufficiently. Which result to the limitation of actual cultivation of districts situated at the end of this canal system to 19 percent only.

F- Irrigation Projects of Bundelkhand

(i)Betwa Canal System -

To solve the problem of drought, occurring time to time, Parichha Dam was constructed on Betwa river in 1985 and Betwa canal was created. For the first time this canal was operated in 1986 for irrigation purpose. To increase supply of water in Betwa canal, Dhukva dam was created on Betwa river in 1910. To fulfill the supply of water as per the demand increases and for the development of water electricity, it was decided to built Matateela dam on 16 K.M. upstream of Dhukva dam.

During 1952 to 1964 construction of Matateela dam took place. After its construction, cultivable command area of Betwa canal system increased to 4.04 lac hectare from 2.95 lac hectare. With this Betwa Canal System Jhansi, Hamirpur and Jalauna districts of Uttar Pradesh and Datiya, Gwalior and Teekmagadh districts of Madhya Pradesh get benefited.

(ii) Dhasan Canal System:

To nurture Dhasan canal system, Lehchura and Pahadi dam were constructed on Dhasan river during 1906 to 1910. In the beginning efficient capacity of Lehchura dam was 954.1 lac hectare and efficient capacity of Pahadi dam was 1153.5 lac cubic meter, which reduced due to silting. Current Lehchura dam gets older day by day, due to which it has been proposed to build new Lehchura dam at 1 K.M. below of old dam.

Benefited district: Hamirpur, Uttar Pradesh

(iii) Cane Canal System

Near Panna district in Madhya Pradesh, on the right side of the bank of Cane river, Cane canal was originated by constructing Bariyarpur weir. For the first time this canal was operated with 28.32 cusec discharge in 1907. With the increasing demand of water and with the concern to provide more water on Bariyarpur weir, Gangau dam was created on upstream of Bariyarpur weir in 1915. Even after its construction scarcity of water had been noticed in that region. So with a point of view to save water Rangwa dam was created on Banne river in 1957. So, in this reservoir, 1546.7 Lac cubic meter more water had been conserved, extra water supply was maintained to Cane Canal System.

Capacity of Bariyarpur Weir, Gangau Weir and Rangwa dam is as following:-

S.No

Name of construction

Envisaged capacity of construction
(In million cubic meters)

Current capacity of construction
(In million cubic meters)

1

Bariyarpur Weir

141.9

126.0

2

Gangau Weir

998.3

504.2

3

Rangwa Dam

1637.3

1637.3

 

Total

2777.5

2267.5

Dead storage of Rangwa dam is 90.6 lac cubic meter, so total water which could be used at current is 2176.9 lac cubic meter. From this project Panna and Chhatarpur districts of Madhya Pradesh and Banda district of Uttar Pradesh get benefited. Ratio of water in Rangwa dam between Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh is 36:15, respectively.

Features of project are as following:

1

Source

Cane Canal

2

Status of head

District Panna in Madhya Pradesh

3

Head discharge of main Nagar

447.3 cusec (15800 cusec)

4

Total length of distribution system

1115 K.M.

5

Cultivable command area

3.16 lac hectare

 6

 

 

Proposed cultivation

(i) Kharif

0.66 lac hectare

(ii) Rabi

0.32 lac hectare

Post-Independence Schemes

A. Western Gandak Canal System:

A barrage has been built on the Gandak River located in Valmiki Nagar near Bihar-Nepal Border and from its right bank main Western Gandak Canal has been drawn. From head of the canal, 18.90 km is a part of the Nepal while from 18.9 Km to 131.40 Km is a part of Uttar Pradesh. Beyond this point, the part of the canal lies in Bihar and is known by the name Saran Canal. Through this canal only the facility of irrigation is made available to the major part of Rohin Rapti and Gandak Doab. The discharge of head of the main Western Gandak Canal is 15,800 cusec out of which 7,300 cusec comes in subdivision of Uttar Pradesh while the use of remaining 8,500 cusec is proposed for Bihar.

According to the revised project the particulars of the project are as follows:

1

Source

Gandak River

2

Condition of the head

Valmiki Nagar Nepal

3

Length of Barrage

743 metres

4

Head discharge of main city

447.3 cusec (15800 cusec)

5

No. of Water Branches

06

6

Total Length of Distribution System

3256 Km

7

Benefited Districts

Gorakhpur, Deoria, Maharajganj and Padrauna

8

Cultivable command area

3.95 lac hectares

9

 

 

 

 

Proposed Irrigation

(i) Grain

1.78 lac hectares

(ii) Sugarcane

0.65 lac hectares

(iii) Rabi Crops

0.89 lac hectares

B. Sharda Sahayak project:

For the fulfilment of water shortage in districts located at lower part of Sharda Canal System namely Lucknow, Rae Bareilly, Barabanki, Faizabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Sultanpur, Pratapgarh, Allahabad, Bhadohi, Varanasi, Jaunpur, Azamgarh, Mau, Ghazipur and Ballia and for making the irrigation facility available in rest of the regions of these districts while using the water of Ghaghra River, in 1968-69 Sharda Shayak Project was started. Under this project, water supply was started for the first time in the year 1974. The cultivable command area of the project is 20 lacs hectares and the density of the proposed irrigation in kharif and Rabi crops are 67% and 48% respectively

Particulars of the project are:

 

 

 

1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barrage

Girija Barrage

In 9 km downstream from Katarniaghat of Ghaghra River

(a) Status

 

(b) Length

716 metres

(c) Head Discharge

480 Cubic metres per seconds

(d) Length of Main Canal

 

28.70 Km

 

 

 

 

Sharda Barrage

(a) Status

In 180 Km downstream of the Banbasa Barrage on Sharda River

(b) Length

408 meters

(c) Head Discharge

650 Cubic metres per seconds

(d) Length of Main Canal

258.80 Km

 

2

 

 

 

Distribution System

(a) Length of Canal Branches

1978 Km

(b) Length of Distribution System

14684 Km

(c) Cultivable Area

16.55 lac hectares

C. Madhya Ganga Project (Phase I):

10 Km flow to north from Bijnor, construction of canals is proposed on either sides of the Ganga River by building a barrage on it. In the first phase of the project, a main canal of length 115.45 Km and capacity 8280 cusec has been extracted from right bank of the river that joins Upper Ganga Canal at 190.80 Km. In the middle it cuts the Anupshehar branch of Upper Ganga Canal where it would provide 900 cusec. From the 82.428 Km of the Madhya Ganga Canal , generation of Lakhavati Branch of capacity 2225 cusec has been made, length of the distribution system of this branch is 963.2 Km. Water usage of 4500 cusec from 178.6 Km to 239.20 Km of Upper Ganga Canal is proposed.

Construction of 47.70 Km long Mant Feeder Canal of capacity 2750 cusec from 239.20 Km of Upper Ganga Canal has been completed that is immediately joined to the head of the Uksi Hathras branch in Mant Branch of Upper Ganga Canal. A 306 Km long canal has been extracted from Mant Feeder Canal.

Particulars of the project are:

 

1

 

 

 

Barrage

(a) Status

9 Km flow to north From Rawli Ghat on Ganga River lying on the 10 Km west of the Bijnor city

(b) Presumed Discharge

17000 Cubic metres per second

(c) Submerged Area

5766 Hectares

2

 

 

Main Canals

(a) Head Discharge

234 Cubic metres per second

(b) Length

115.45 Km

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Distribution System

Lakhavati Canal

 

(a) Head Discharge

63 Cubic metre

(b) Length of Main Canal

62.4 Km

(c) Length of Distribution Branch

600.38 Km

(d) Cultivable area

30192 Hectares

For entire Project of Madhya Ganga Canal

 

(a) Proposed cost of the Project

Rs. 44819.00

(b) Total Proposed Command area

 

  • Additional Area of Command of the Upper Ganga Canal System

114 Thousand hectares

  • Through New Canal

64 Thousand hectares

D. Madhya Ganga Project (Phase II)

Under Phase II of Madhya Ganga Canal Project, the additional water in Ganga River during rainy season is proposed to be used for irrigation of Kharif crop. For this purpose, on left side of the Madhya Ganga Barrage located in Bijnor, a main canal has been built from pre-built hand regulator through which Ganga River water is diverted such that water will be used through this canal. Under this project, construction of main lined canal of length 66.20 Km and capacity 121.80 cumec(4306 cusec), Bhazai branch of length 50 Km whose head discharge is 60.00 cumec (2118 cusec) and Chandausi Branch of length 60 Km whose head discharge is 60.00 cumec (1503 cusec) is proposed. Under this project, construction of a distribution system (Rajwaha and Alpika) of length 1653 Km has been proposed. Total C.C.A of the project is 2, 25,433 hectares that lies in Amroha, Moradabad and Sambhal districts. Irrigation capacity is proposed to be made available in an area of 2, 25,433 hectares against 1, 46, 532 hectares. It includes 78, 802 hectares grains and 67, 630 hectares other Kharif crops. For the project total land required was 5053.02 hectares against 1053.74 hectares till 03/2013. In the financial year 2014, the cultivable land of 62.358 hectares has been purchased by the mutual consent of the farmers and 2.125 hectares of forest land has been acquired.

Particulars of the project are:

 

1

 

 

 

Barrage

(a) Status

9 Km flow to north From Rawli Ghat on Ganga River lying on the 10 Km west of the Bijnor city

(b) Presumed Discharge

17000 cubic metre per second

(c) Submerged Area

5766 hectares

2

 

 

Main Canals

(a) Head Discharge

121.81 cubic metre per second

(b) Length

66.20 Km

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Distribution System

(a) Bhazai Branch

 

Head Discharge

60.00 cubic metre

Length of main canal

50.00 Km

(b) Chandausi Branch

 

Head Discharge

42.60 cubic metre

Length of Main Canal

60.00 Km

(c) Length of Distribution Branch

1653.00 Km

(d) Cultivable Area

225433 hectares

4

 

 

Proposed Cultivation
  • Grain

78802 hectares

  • Other Kharif

67630 hectares

E. Eastern Ganga Canal Project:

Eastern Ganga Canal project has been proposed for irrigation of grains in an area of 105 thousand hectares out of 233 thousand hectares area of Bijnor and Moradabad districts. Under this project, a main canal of length 48.55 Km and capacity 4650 cusec (137.40 cumecs) has been proposed from the left side of the newly built Bhimgonda barrage near Haridwar. Its five branches are Chank, Najibabad, Nagina, Nahtor and Alawalpur whose total length is 155.17 Km and the construction of a distribution system of length 1489 km emerging from it is proposed.

Particulars of the project are:

1

Source

Ganga River

2

Status of Head

On the left bank of newly constructed Bhimgonda Barrage in Haridwar

3

Command of Canal

Ar Area between Kho River and Ramganga Feeder Canal of Ganga River in Bijnor and Moradabad districts.

4

Drainage of Main Canal

137.40 cubic metres per second (4850 cubic foot per second)

5

Length of Main Canal

48.55 Km

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irrigation System

(a) Branches

155.17 Km

(b) Rajwaha and Alpika

1489.00 Km

        a- Drains

400.00 Km

        b- Gulen

4450.00 Km

(c) Gulen Command

301.00 thousand hectares

(d) Cultivable land

233.00 thousand hectares

Proposed land for irrigation of grains

105.00 thousand hectares

Ongoing Projects that are initiated Post-Independence:

A. Rajghat Canal Project

Under the important role of irrigation schemes in proper development of Bundelkhand region, for utilizing the additional water available in Betwa River , Rajghat Dam Project has been proposed. Through this project, both Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh will be benefited. The benefits acquired through this project and the expenditure made on this project has been divided equally between the two states. The construction of this dam is being done by Betwa River Board that has been established by the Government of India. Its Canal systems are being built by the concerned states. This project is approved by the Water Commission, Government of India.

Particulars of the project are:

1 Source Rajghat reservoir on the river Betwa in Lalitpur district.
2 Status In district Lalitpur near Rajghat Bam.
3 Head Parichchha Dam Betwa Main Canal ( 30.9 K.M.) Betwa Main Canal ( 30K.M.)  
4 System Betwa main canal Gursarai and Badagaon branch Hamirpur branch Kuthond branch Total
5 Length of main canal 30.9 K.M. 132.40 K.M. 105 K.M.  
6 Presumed Discharge 165.89 cumecs 57.97 cumecs 51 cumecs  
7 Length of Distribution System 116.30 K.M. 258.90 K.M. 225.62 K.M.  
8 Total Water Use 3.48 TMC 3.22 TMC 3.072 TMC 9.722 TMC
9 Cultivable area 60207 hectares 55696 hectares 53020hectares 168923 hectares
10 Proposed Irrigation 24298 hectares 21595 hectares 20571 hectares 66464 hectares
11 a. Rabi 23702 hectares 21595 hectares 20571 hectares 65868 hectares
12 b. Kharif 596 hectares - - 596 hectares

B. Saryu Canal Project (Left Coast of Ghagra Canal)

Saryu Canal Project is under construction for providing irrigation facility in areas of Bahraich, Gonda, Balrampur, Sravasti, Siddharthnagar, Santkabirnagar, Basti and Gorakhpur districts. Under this project, a link canal of length 47.135 Km and capacity 360 cubic metre per second has been ejected from the left side of Ghaghra River. One-one Barrage has been created on Saryu and Rapti River. New canals ejected from here would provide the irrigation facility in the above mentioned districts. There is a provision of Ayodhya Pump Canal, Gola Pump Canal, Utrauli Pump Canal, Dumaria ganj Pump Canal, 3600 new tubewells , 9250 Km long drainage construction and tree plantation under this project.

A total area of 12.00 lac hectares is cultivable under this project. On 117 percent irrigation density, irrigation of around 9.00 lac hectares of land is proposed under Kharif while 4.8 hectares of land under Rabi. In addition to this, 24000 hectares of land will be used for sugarcane production.

Details related to the project are as follows:

1.

Source

Ghaghra, Saryu and Rapti River

2

 

 

Reservoir area

a. Ghaghra River

455550 sq km

b. Saryu River

4500 sq km

c. Rapti River

6000 sq km

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barrage Details

A. Saryu Barrage

 

 1 Length

243.50 metre

 2 maximum flood discharge

 4600.00 cumec

 3 Gateway

12 rate of 18 meters

 B. Rapti Barrage

 

 1. Length

294.5 metre

 2. Maximum Flood Discharge

 6117 cumec

 3. Gateway

14 rate of 18 meters

4

 

 

Length of Canals

1. Main Feeder Canal

257.285 Km

2. Branches

680.00 Km

3. Rajwaha and Alpika

8266.00 Km

5

 

 

 

 

Proposed Annual Irrigation

1 Cultivable Area

12.00 lac hectares

2 Irrigation Capacity

 

Kharif 75%

9.00 lac hectares

Rabi  40%

4.80 lac hectares

Sugarcane 2%

0.24 lac hectares

Total 117%

14.04 lac hectares

C. Ban Sagar Project, Uttar Pradesh

In September 1973 an agreement has been made for equal distribution of Son River Water among Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Under this project, from the total 14.25 M.A.F of Son River water approximately 1.25 M.A.F of water is determined as a part of Uttar Pradesh. In this amount of water 1.00 M.A.F water is drawn from Son River while 0.25 M.A.F is drawn from Kanhar Canal. There is provision for using 0.22 M.A.F water of Son Pump Canal from 1.00 M.A.F of Son River Water by lifting it from Son River. Along with this, there is also a provision of using 0.78 M.A.F of water from Ban Sagar Dam that is under constructed in Shahdol (Madhya Pradesh) with the support of the three states. Water from reservoir of Ban Sagar Dam is brought through combined water duct of length 22 Km and capacity 185 cumecs whose construction expenses are borne by both Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh together. A common water feeder of capacity 73 cumecs is being created from common water duct by Madhya Pradesh. For supplying water of 46.5 cumecs capacity, a 15.24 Km (tail) and 73.1 Km long Ban Sagar feeder canal is being constructed by Uttar Pradesh. Like combined water duct, the expenses of common water feeder are also borne from both the states that is Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The entire length of the Ban Sagar Feeder Canal lies in Madhya Pradesh and its construction work is being done by Uttar Pradesh. At the ending of this canal there will be a 2.10 Km long tunnel through which water will fall at the north aad channel of Kaimur Hill. Water will flow to Adwa River through the aad channel. Water will be brought to Meja reservoir through 25.3 Km Meja Link Canal and by building a Barrage on Adwa River. Under this project, there is a provision of usage of water received from central catchment of Barodha Weir and Meja Dam built on Belan River for which present Barodha will be converted into Barrage. Through this project an additional irrigation of 150132 hectares in Uttar Pradesh is proposed. This additional irrigation will be 74823 hectares in Allahabad and 75400 hectares in Mirzapur.

Details related to the project are as follows:

1

 

 

Status

(a) Village

Devlad (Madhya Pradesh)

(b) Tehsil

Shehdol (Madhya Pradesh)

(c) District

Shehdol (Madhya Pradesh)

2

Name of the River

Son River

3

Doab Area (Ban Sagar Dam)

56428 hectares

4

Average Rainfall

1000 mm

5

Total Capacity of Dam on F.R.L

5.17 m.a.f

6

 

 

 

Length of Canals

(a) Ban Sagar Feeder Canal

73.10 Km

(b) Adwa-Meja Link Canal

25.30 Km

(c) Meja-Jirago Link Canal

75.15 Km

(d) Jirago-Hussainpur Link Canal

13.20 Km

(e) Restoration of Belan Canal

14.00 Km

D. Kanhar Project Mirzapur:

Duddhi Tehsil in Sonbhadra of Uttar Pradesh remains drought affected relentlessly and there is no provision for irrigation here. It mostly consists of tribal population. For providing irrigation facility in this tehsil, a dam of length 3.24 Km and height 39.90m is proposed to be built on Kanhar River under Kanhar Irrigation Project that will provide 0.15 M.A.F of water for usage. Under this project, through 121.10 Km main canals, branches and 150-00 Km long Rajwaha and Alpika in 26075 hectares of cultivable land and total area of 27898 hectares by combining both the crops is proposed to be irrigated. By the implementation of this project, population of around 108 villages in development divisions of Chopan and Duddhi will be benefited and it will also be possible to make additional water available to 12 Bandhis pre-built by Irrigation Department. The original cost of Kanhar Irrigation Project is assessed to be Rs. 27.75 crore in the year 1976.

Main Particulars of the Project are as follows:

1

Source

Kanhar River

2

Status of Head

Duddhi Tehsil of Sonbhadra

3

Command of Canal

Duddhi and Chopan development block

 

 

4

 

 

 

Irrigation System

(a) Branches

121.10 Km

(b) Rajwaha and Alpika

150.00 Km

(c)  Cultivable Area

26075 hectares  

(d) Total irrigation Capacity

27898 hectares